Program Introduction (before 2012)

The Ph.D. degree program requires a total of 48 credit hours of graduate work (normally 18 hours beyond the M.A.). PhD students must also 1) pass a qualifying examination in their areas of specialization; 2) demonstrate, through examination or coursework, evidence of reading competence in a foreign language related to their areas of specialization; and 3) complete a dissertation. Applicants to the Ph.D. program normally must have an M.A. Applicants who wish to pursue a Ph.D. but who do not have an M.A. must apply to the M.A. program; the departmental Admissions Committee, however, may recommend that some applicants be admitted directly into the Ph.D program.